EMU-Sustainable Architectural Design with BIM

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Course Code and Title:

ARCH536 Sustainable Architectural Design with BIM

Course Schedule

Tuesdays, 09:30-12:20

Course Description:

The built environment has significant effects on global warming with high fossil-based energy consumption and carbon emission. In order to cope with this effect, the production of sustainable buildings is encouraged all over the world. Building Information Modeling (BIM) offers significant potential for effectively designing, modeling and analyzing these types of buildings. BIM software offers simulation/analysis environments that measure the performance of a building prior to construction. Using BIM-enabled energy, sun/shade, solar radiation, daylighting and wind analyses the performance of a building can be predicted beginning from the early stages of design. The design approach that improves design decisions using building performance analysis is called performance-based design or performative design. This approach feeds back the design process and helps improve designs for better sustainability results.

This course offers a theoretical framework containing performance-based design and physical environment control issues. The theoretical content is reinforced with software applications involving BIM-enabled sustainability models and building performance analysis. The relationship between design and building performance is explored using a simulation environment over examples. Students are expected to produce high-performance buildings following the principles of performative design.

Course Objectives:

  • To emphasize the effects of buildings on climate change
  • To illustrate the general principles of sustainable design and performative design
  • To show the use of BIM in the context of sustainability (7D modeling)
  • To explain the use of sustainability simulations and analyses in architectural design
  • To illustrate the relationship between design decisions and building performance
  • To offer software experience on the use of BIM-enabled sustainability analyses.

Course Teaching Policy:

There will be weekly theoretical seminars dealing with various aspects of architectural sustainability and performative architectural design. These seminars will be accompanied by in-class and take-home software exercises on energy analysis, solar radiation analysis, daylighting analysis and wind analysis.

This is a mainly online course. The university’s video conferencing software will be used for online seminars and software practices.

Students are required to create an Autodesk 360 account if they do not already have one. Students are eligible to sign up for a free account. Educational licenses of all Autodesk software listed above are individually available to students and educators for teaching, learning and research purposes for free of charge. EMU is also a qualified institution to receive access to free multi-user licenses to Autodesk software titles available through the Education Community for installation in classrooms or labs if a need arises. Students are encouraged to use their personal computers. The following software is used in the course:

  • Autodesk Revit for modeling
  • Autodesk Insight 360 for analyses
  • Autodesk Flow Design for wind analysis

BIM Capability Assessment Form

This form was prepared to understand your level of competency in BIM. It helps the course flow and subject selection in the practice sections.

Course Weekly Program

Week Date Topics Notes/Assignments
1 04 Oct.
2 11 Oct.
3 18 Oct. Introduction Introduction
Article 1: BIM-Enabled Performative Design
4 25 Oct. Sustainable/Performative Design Article 1 Discussions
5 01 Nov. Conceptual (Mass) Modeling with BIM #1 Site and Building Type Proposal
6 08 Nov. Conceptual (Mass) Modeling with BIM #2
7 15 Nov. Conceptual (Mass) Modeling with BIM #3 Design Proposals
8 22 Nov. Designing with Solar Access and Shadows: Sun/Shadow Studies Design Proposals
9 29 Nov. Understanding Energy Loads and Efficiency in Buildings: Energy Analysis Simulation Practice Design Proposals
10 06 Dec. Utilizing Sun as a Renewable Energy Resource: Solar Radiation Analysis Practice Due: Sun-Shadow Analysis
TW Presentations 1
11 13 Dec. Converting Mass Models to Detailed BIM Models and Working with Detailed Models Due: Energy Analysis
12 20 Dec.  Utilizing Sun as a Natural Lighting Source: Daylighting (LEED) Analysis Simulation Practice Due: Solar Radiation Analysis
TW Presentations 2
13 27 Dec. Understanding Air Currents and Natural Ventilation in Buildings: Wind Analysis Simulation Practice TW Presentations 3
14 03 Jan. Final Project Presentations Due: Pre-Final Project Report

Course Assesment Methods

Technology Watch (TW) Presentation:
Students offer a short presentation and submit a three-page report on the existing or emerging technologies that have to do with variouse aspects of sustainabilty with BIM. Some of the possible TW topics are :
Relevant Software and Hardware Developments, Sustainable  Architectural Designs and Construction Projects, Life Cycle Assesment, Modern Sustainable Materials, Net-Zero/Hight Performance Energy Projects,  Sustainable MEP implementations
Proposals: Building Type, Design and Project Site
Students submit several design alternatives that would satify the requirements of a high performance building. The porposals are jointly assesed in the classroom.Total construction area approx. 2000 m2 + circulation spaces %35-40 ~2800-3000 m2. The total area may be readjusted by  +- %10 based on the project requirements. The project site area is about 5000-6000 m2 .
Analysis Works/Presentations and Interim Presentation/Report
Students submit three performance analysis works including Energy Analysis, Sun and Shadow Studies and Solar Radiation.
Final Report on Building Performance Analysis work
This is the final outcome of the course. The final work should respond to the general visual and content expectations of the class.  The report contains all the revised analysis works evaluated in th early stages.
A minimum attendance of 80% (11/14 classes) is required.

Useful Materials and Links

  • Bennett, Jessica, “Wind Design Guide,” BBSC 433 – Architectural Aero Dynamics Course Notes, http://shorturl.at/gOSTY
  • Brackney, L., Parker A., Macumber, D., Benne, K. (2018), “Building Energy Modeling with OpenStudio: A Practical Guide for Students and Professionals,” Springer.
  • DeKay, M. Brown G.Z. (2014), “ Sun, Wind and Light: Architectural Design Strategies,” Wiley.
  • Garg, V., Mathur, J. Bhatia, A. (2020), “Building Energy Simulation A Workbook Using DesignBuilder,” CRC Press.
  • Guzowski, Mary (2010), “ Towards Zero-Energy Architecture: New Solar” Design, Laurence King Publishing
  • Hensen, J.L.M., Lamberts, R. Eds. (2019), “Building Performance Simulation for Design and Operation,” Routledge.
  • Kolarevic, B., Malkawi, A. M. (2005), “Performative Architecture Beyond Instrumentality,” Spon Press.
  • Kubba, Sam (2016), “LEED v4 Practices, Certification and Accreditation Handbook,” Elsevier.
  • Kwok, A. G. Grondzik, W. T. (2007) “The Green Studio Handbook Environmental strategies for schematic design,” Routledge.
  • Kyrgiel, Eddy (2008), “Green BIM: Successful Sustainable Design with Building Information Modeling,” Sybex.
  • La Roche, Pablo (2017). “Carbon-Neutral Architectural Design,” CRC Press.
  • Lechner, Norbert M. (2022), “Heating, Cooling, Lighting: Sustainable Design Methods for Architects,” Wiley.
  • Levy, Francois (2011), “BIM in Small-Scale Sustainable Design,” Wiley.
  • Smith, Peter F. (2005), “Architecture in a Climate of Change: A guide to sustainable design,” Elsevier.
  • Wilde, Pieter de (2018), “Building Performance Analysis,” Wiley.
  • Wing, Charlie (2013), “The Visual Handbook of Energy Conservation: A Comprehensive Guide to Reducing Energy Use at Home” The Taunton Press.
  • Others:
  • Autodesk Univ. Training Materials: https://www.autodesk.com/autodesk-university
  • Autodesk “Modeling masses” course, https://shorturl.at/EPS36
  • Autodesk “Crate energy models” course, https://shorturl.at/cju29
  • Autodesk Insight 360 site: https://insight360.autodesk.com/oneenergy